Minas Gerais 2019-2020 Coffee Crop Not Yet Adversely Impacted By Weather, But More Rainfall Needed
CoffeeNetwork (New York) - According to data obtained by the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET), some regions of Brazil’s coffee belt maintained average precipitation for the month of January compared to the last ten years. However, precipitation in some regions is below the 10-year average.
“Data from the climatological station installed in the city of Lavras shows precipitation reached 143.1 mm in January 2019, while the average for the month in the last ten years was 289.60 mm,” André Dominghetti, Coffee Researcher from Embrapa Café, in collaboration The Agriculture Research Company of Minas Gerais (EPAMIG), told CoffeeNetwork in an interview today. “The January/2019 rainfall volume was similar to January/2017. In the last ten years, only 2010 and 2015 presented lower rainfall than the month of January than 2019.”
As far as temperatures go, data obtained by INMET showed the average temperature in January 2019 (23 °C) was in line with the average temperature of the last ten years for the month of January, which is 23.15 °C.
Following reports of drastically lower than average rainfall and high temperatures, concerns regarding the development of the 2019-2020 coffee crop have elevated.
“Three expressive flowerings were observed, which occurred during the normal flowering period, between September and November 2018,” explains Dominghetti. “Also in the current agricultural year, the months of December 2018 and January 2019 saw an opening of flowers, which is considered abnormal for the crop and had not been observed in recent years.”
He continued: “Despite the lower volume of rain during the month of January 2019 when compared to the 10-year average, the amount of rainfall was enough to supply the coffee trees’ needs, causing no losses. In case of lower precipitation volumes in the coming months, when the coffee fruits will be in the filling stage, there may be losses and consequently a reduction in the amount of coffee produced, according to CONAB's estimate.”
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