More on Pierpoint
Posted by N44 on June 2, 2019, 5:00 pm
I contacted Richard Clark,who runs the website about executions including Albert Pierpoint because there was very little on Jarrow man William Jobling hanged at Durham. |
He was pleased to get more info and here is what he's added to his site.
Thank you for the splendid information and for the map. I am a great lover of period maps.
I have amended the section on William Jobling on my Durham Prison page as follows :
In 1832, there were public protests over the conditions in the the local coal mines, due to the horrific mortality rate among miners. The authorities attempted to crackdown on these and sent in soldiers to quell the disturbances. They also tried to evict striking miners from their tied cottages. One of the miners, William Jobling, lived at Jarrow Colliery Village with his wife Isabella and two daughters.
On Monday June 11th 1832 Nicholas Fairles, an elderly magistrate, was riding from South Shields to Jarrow to deal with yet another dispute at the colliery which was in the middle of a bitter strike when, at between five and six in the afternoon, he was accosted by Ralph Armstrong, a Jarrow miner, who knocked him from his horse and beat him. Fairles died later that evening at Jarrow, and with his dying breath he blamed Jobling for not helping him when he was attacked. Jobling was known to Fairles, his wife had been the magistrate’s servant; and on the basis of that slender evidence Jobling was arrested, tried with indecent haste, and convicted.
Jobling was hanged on the steps of the courthouse at Durham in the normal way amid tight security, the gallows protected by fifty mounted Hussars and fifty infantrymen. To make a special example of him, his body was gibbeted after death, as a warning to the populace. Gibbeting was still a legal punishment at the time but was abolished two years later. After hanging for the customary hour, his body was taken off the rope, stripped naked and immersed in molten pitch (tar) to preserve it. It was then re-dressed in the clothes that he had worn and loaded into a cart and taken on a tour of the area before arriving at Jarrow Slake where the crime had been committed. Here it was placed into an iron gibbet cage. The cage and the scene being described thus," the body was encased in flat bars of iron of two and a half inches in breadth, the feet were placed in stirrups, from which a bar of iron went up each side of the head, and ended in a ring by which he was suspended; a bar from the collar went down the breast, and another down the back, there were also bars in the inside of the legs which communicated with the above; and crossbars at the ankles, the knees, the thighs, the bowels the breast and the shoulders; the hands were hung by the side and covered with pitch, the face was pitched and covered with a piece of white cloth." The gibbet was a foot in diameter with strong bars of iron up each side. The post was fixed into a 1-1/2 ton stone base, sunk into the Slake. Jobling's body was suspended and left as a grim reminder of the consequences of crime. At the end of August 1832, after a few weeks on the gibbet, the guards were withdrawn and Jobbling’s body was taken down by his friends. It may well have been dropped into Jarrow Lake or taken out to sea for disposal. Either way the remains have never been found.
Sadly, Jobling did not actually commit this murder. Before he died, Nicholas Fairles was able to identify his killer as Ralph Armstrong (a friend of Jobling's). However, Armstrong was not able to be arrested and it is thought that he had fled the country by sea. Under the legal doctrine of “Common Purpose” Jobling, who had been present and had done nothing to prevent the killing was therefore judged to be equally guilty.