Posted by Don Scott on August 7, 2019, 12:55 am
Following on from Norman's Thread below 'Miss Mary Thompson' which led to Barry putting up part of the 1859 OS map which I have always found to be fascinating. The river bank at Hebburn must have been beautiful even in those early stages of Coal Pit development although it could not have stayed that way for much longer. In that year, Andrew Leslies shipyard was still quite small and in its infancy, having been opened in 1853. I have placed three maps below to show (very basically) some of the 50 years development up to the 1912. |
The first one is an extract of the 1859 OS map showing how basic a road scheme existed then. You could only get down to the collieries by turning off what was or would become Victoria road down what would become Station Road, leading to Wagon Way. This led east to the 'A' Pit workings but there was no road directly east from Wagon Way into Jarrow. To make your way to Jarrow by any substancial road/street you had to turn right into High Lane Row leading to Black Lane (later road) and so back to 'Victoria Road' at the junction which was to become known as 'the clock'.
The middle map has been 'doctored' using coloured pens to show the additions of rail and road on an area which was, as we have seen, pretty well devoid of any good roads. Of course, it has to be remembered that there were only horse drawn traffic in those days apart from that confined to railway tracks that served the pits. Pink hatched area is the so called Three Streets and the other pink square to the right contained two Methodist Chapels and the Colliery Board School in later years. It also show s position of Blackett Street that finally gave proper access to Jarrow and the rough position of the main railway line and spurs off to Bede Metal and Wagon Way.
The third map shows a part of the same area in 1912 so that comparisons can be made. One way or another, I have not been able to get out and do the things I need to do, hence this little bit of dabbling.
Lastly, it seems fairly certain that Barry is right about the area in which Miss Thompson's house stood. But which one was it? There are three candidates to choose from, one of which was the first Ellison Arms. Could this building have started off life as Riverside House? It was the only one of the three that survived to appear on the 1912 map. So of the other two, the best candidate would have been the house that was virtually on the waters edge. Then there is the one slightly to its left but away from the river bank. Both must have got in the way of pit coaling 'traffic' and had to go. This area was later to be developed into a big coal staithes complex which would be better described by Alex Baker.