World coffee production in coffee year 2018-2019 reached 174.5 million 60kg bags. Of this volume, Arabica coffee totaled 104 million bags, which corresponds to 60% of this total, and robusta coffee 70.5 million, which is equivalent to 40%. This total volume was 9.8% higher than the previous crop (2017-2018), which was 158.9 million 60kg bags, 94.5 million bags of arabica coffee and 64.4 million bags of robusta. .
In the same context of global coffee production, if a ranking of only the three largest producers is established, Brazil is ranked first in production, whose harvest totaled 61.6 million bags and corresponded to 35.3% of the total. worldwide. In second place, Vietnam stands out with 29 million bags of 60kg, representing 16.6% of what was harvested on the planet and, thirdly, Colombia which recorded 14.3 million bags harvested and was responsible for 8.2% of the global crop. It should be noted that Colombia produces exclusively Arabica coffee and robusta Vietnam.
The source of data for this study of the world coffee production scenario was the Coffee Executive Summary - August 2019 published by the Secretariat of Agricultural Policy - SPA, of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply - MAPA, which is available at The Coffee Observatory of the Research Coffee Consortium, coordinated by Embrapa Café. Other monthly editions of this Summary are also available at the Observatory since April 2013, which until December 2016 was entitled Coffee Statistical Report.
In order to expand this study and establish a ranking of the six main coffee producing countries worldwide, based on crop year 2017-2018 figures from the International Coffee Organization (ICO) Historical Data - Total Production, which has a world production of 158.6 million 60kg bags - practically the same as mentioned above - Brazil has, in the first place, a production of 51 million 60kg bags, equivalent to 32.2 % this year.
Following is Vietnam, in second place, with 29 million bags (18.6%). Colombia is in third place with 14 million bags (8.8%), and Indonesia in fourth place with 10.9 million bags (6.9%). Followed by Honduras, in fifth, which produced 8.3 million bags (5.3%) and, finally, in sixth, Ethiopia with 7.6 million bags (4.8%).
The Coffee Executive Summary - August 2019, specifically in relation to Brazilian Coffee, also provides data that allow the establishment of a 'Area Comparison in Production, Productivity and Production' for both Arabica and Robusta (Conilon) Coffee. . Thus, in the 2019 harvest, arabica coffee occupies an area of ​​1.47 million hectares with estimated production of 37 million 60kg bags and productivity of 25.2 bags per hectare. Regarding robusta coffee, the Summary highlights that the area under production is 373.3 thousand hectares, with production of 13.9 million bags and productivity of 37.4 bags per hectare. According to these data, in 2019 Brazilian production will be 50.5 million 60kg bags in an area of ​​1.84 million hectares with productivity of 27.4 bags per hectare.
Visit the Coffee Observatory website to read the full ICO Coffee Market Report - August 2019 at: http://www.sapc.embrapa.br/arquivos/consorcio/informe_estatistico/Sumario_Cafe_Agosto_2019.pdf
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