The coffee crop produced in Brazil this year is influenced by the negative biennial and affected by bad weather conditions, which led to a drop of over 20% compared to 2018, with an estimated total production of 48.99 million bags benefited. . The numbers are in the 3rd survey of the coffee crop, released on Tuesday (17) by the National Supply Company (Conab).
According to research, the phenomenon affects the Arabian species more intensely. The coffee plantations also suffered from high temperatures, while the vegetative cycle lacked rainfall during an important period of crop development, which made the average yield estimates even lower.
As for the area under production, the expected numbers are lower than last year's, with a reduction of 2.8% and reaching 1.8 million hectares. The study also attributes this fact to the negative biennial, since the producers take advantage of this period to perform cultural treatments in the fields and, thus, reduce the area under production.
Information on arabica reveals the production of 34.47 million bags, a reduction of 27.4% compared to the 2018 crop. The conilon should reach 14.52 million bags, but with an increase of 2, 5% over the same period.
The low crop numbers were reflected even in Brazilian exports, which also retracted. In August, they reached about 3.2 million 60-kg bags, a 9.5% reduction over the same period last year.
Production in the states - Largest coffee producer in the country, the state of Minas Gerais is expected to harvest a smaller crop this year, 24.52 million bags, down 26.5%. This is a reflection of the reduction in production area and lower average crop yield in all production areas. Espirito Santo, which has the largest production of conilon, should have a growth of 14.8% in the production of the species, influenced by better weather conditions and increased production area. On the other hand, the production of arabica, which corresponds to 23% of the production in Espírito Santo, will fall by 33.6%, which pulls the volume of coffee produced in the state by 2%, when compared to last season.
The other producing states, likewise, project the negative effect of the biennial phenomenon, with a decrease in production compared to the one achieved last season, except for Goiás and Mato Grosso, which had production growth of about 21% and 16% respectively. . Following greater production of processed bags, come São Paulo (4.37 million), Bahia (2.80 million), Rondônia (2.10 million), Paraná (950 thousand), Rio de Janeiro (276 thousand), Goiás (236 thousand) and Mato Grosso (121 thousand).
« Back to index