Source: Revista Cafeicultura
With more than half of the conilon grains already harvested in Espírito Santo and Bahia, the estimate of producers is a break in this year's harvest.
According to the Agricultural Cooperative of Coffee Growers of São Gabriel (Cooabriel), which comprises members of both states, the fall will be greater than expected.
“For Espírito Santo, the breach is exceeding our expectations. We expected a reduction of 10 to 15%, however, with the harvest taking place, we are calculating that the drop will be 28 to 30%. In Bahia it is a little lower because last year there was a drop due to the drought. We estimate around 5 to 10% less in the harvest ”, explained the president of Cooabriel, Luiz Carlos Bastianello.
Despite the different geographical locations, Espírito Santo and Bahia continue at a similar rate of harvest. The expectation is that much of the coffee will be harvested in 30 days in both states. However, with a lower number than expected.
“The estimate was to receive around 1.5 million bags of coffee in our warehouses. Over the past few weeks, we realized that we will have a bigger drop, of about 30%, and the forecast is to receive 1.3 million bags this year ”, said Cooabriel's corporate coffee manager, Edimilson Calegari.
The numbers represent what is already seen in the field. In Espírito Santo, this year the harvest was delayed. “The progress of the harvest is already around 40%. We observed that the performance is a little different from the forecast, below the expected, so the expectation is of a lower result ”, explained the technical coordinator of Cooabriel, Perseu Fernando Perdoná.
In Bahia, in Teixeira de Freitas and region, the harvest should end only in August. It rained a lot and there are still green beans. In the region, most of the harvest is mechanized. "The yield is not as we would like, but this month the development of the grains should become uniform," explained the cooperative's agronomist, Adriano Barros.
Also in Bahia, but in the Camacan region, the harvest is already around 75% and there has been a good maturation of around 80%. Some producers harvested less in quantity, but had better yields than last year. “The yield is 40 to 43 bags per producer. Most are satisfied. Another reality is that we did not have a shortage of labor here. In fact, there was a great offer, since many workers are unable to go to other states, ”said agronomist Vicente Thomas, who works for Cooabriel in the region.
The large supply of labor is not a reality for most producers. Bahia's partner, Rosselito Bonadiman Paulino, is expected to conclude his harvest with a 20% break. On his property, the entire harvest is mechanized, but he still needs a small number of workers. Due to the Coronavirus, care was increased. “The start of the harvest was a little confusing because of the pandemic. I provided all precautions, such as masks and gel alcohol, and organized the logistics. This care is important because there is an increase in the number of cases in the region ”, he stressed.
In Espírito Santo, which usually receives workers from Minas Gerais and Bahia, the lack of labor was a major problem. “This year, there was a union between small and medium producers to help each other since there is not a large supply of labor due to the pandemic. We try to do our part respecting all the security measures disclosed by Cooabriel ”, said partner Célio Siqueira, from Vila Fartura, in São Gabriel da Palha.
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