With pruning you cut of all branches close to the trunk of the tree.
Here you see a machine doing the work. Can be done by hand as well.
This is a very common agricultural technique in Brasil. Done by all techified farmers with trees above 10 years of age, some times even younger trees.
It is also called Safra Zero, Zero Harvest. Often it will yield still 5 to 10 bags per hectare.
But the harvestcost of such a low yield will eat all possible profit.
A year later, 2022 you get a full harvest. From 70 up to 120 bags a hectare.
With an on year trees suffer a lot. So most farmers program to prune part of their area, ideal 50% of the older trees.
But being an on year it will be closser to 65 % naturally.
Now we have a drought, witch caused a lot of non programmed pruning, because if you have to harvest 20 bags per hectare, it is better to prune, have a 0 harvest an a year later 2022 have a super crop.
Roughly 25 to 35 % of the cost of producing coffee are harvest costs.
Can you see what it does with your cost if you have one year without them and after you have a bumper crop.
Also in the year after pruning, costs of fertilizer, agrochemics and maintenance will be a lot lower.
Further the drought has cause a lot losses in the younger trees, where the one year old wood has dryed out.
Trees in better condition, with flowrer less and have problems to maintain the fruits as specially this stage consumes a lot of energy of the plants (no leaves no energy)
Also rains where much less abundant as forecasted sofar.
With a lot of areas having received less than 20 mm in October.
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