Translate - COCCAMIG november 19 , 2020.
Water Deficit and the damage caused in coffee plantations in the South of Minas Gerais The Central Cooperative of Coffee Growers and Agropecuarists of Minas Gerais (Coccamig), which represents 15 coffee-related cooperatives, follows with great apprehension the water deficit that affected much of the South of Minas . Because of this concern and, in order to better understand the scenario involving the lack of rain and its consequences, Coccamig brought together the technical teams of the associated cooperatives, who highlighted important points involving the subject. The year 2020 began with regular rains until the month of March, after which low and irregular rainfall levels were recorded, much lower than the historical average, with the aggravating temperatures above 33 ° C in September. According to Marco Valério Araújo Brito, president of Coccamig, “the negative impacts due to climatic conditions may jeopardize the next harvest, with crops showing damage of greater or lesser intensity, according to some factors, such as: presence of organic matter and soil cover , type of soil, nutritional management of the coffee plantation, age of the crop, occurrence of pests such as miner bug, among others. ” The president of Coccamig also points out that “the technical departments of the associates evaluated several regions and the reports are very similar, which shows greater chances of having serious consequences for the productivity of the 2021 and possibly 2022 harvest”. João Emygdio Gonçalves, Coopama's CEO, headquartered in Machado MG, comments that “in Coopama's area of ​​activity that covers more than 10 municipalities, there was a disproportionate drought to the customs of the region, which, added to the negative bienality, could result in a significant drop in production compared to the last harvest. Another concern is in relation to cereals, which had the window tapered for a second harvest due to the delay in planting ”. José Márcio, president of Coopercam, based in Campos Gerais, informs that “due to the long period of drought, new crops with productive potential were hard hit, grew little and lost leaves, resulting in a sharp drop in production for 2021” . Renato José de Melo, Superintendent of Coomap, headquartered in Paraguaçu MG, states that “in 2021 there will be the effect of the negative bienniality, which automatically already impacts productivity, with the lack of regular rains, will result in an even greater decrease in the quantity of coffees produced in the Paraguaçu region, possibly having the impact of this situation extended until 2022. ” Briefly, the following scenario stands out: 1- The 2020 coffee crop exceeded expectations, production was excellent, demanding a lot from the coffee tree; 2- In 2021 we will have the negative biennial effect on crops; 3- The water deficit greatly affected the vegetative development of coffee plants; 4- Harvest stress, in addition to water stress, led to an increase in pruning, skeleton and harvesting; 5- All cultural treatments were delayed, mainly fertilization; 6- There was an increase in the incidence of pests, especially of the Minas Gerais bug; 7- All of these factors together, should have an impact on the productivity of the 2021 harvest and certainly of the 2022 harvest. Coccamig remains attentive to the consequences of these negative impacts on coffee in the region, and is available for any clarifications and information. Access the website and get more information - www.coccamig.com Communication Team - Coccamig