With more than 55 million bags, the region is the main responsible for the largest Brazilian harvest in history
The total production of Cafés do Brasil in 2020, added to the Arabica and Conilon species, reached 63.07 million bags of 60kg, exceeding the Brazilian production of 2018 by 2.3% and becoming the crop with the highest volume in history. There were 14.31 million bags, 23% of the total, of conilon coffee, a volume that represented a decrease of 4.7% compared to 2019. This reduction in the production of conilon coffee was justified by the low rate of rain in the regions producing the coffee. Espírito Santo, the largest producer state of the species in Brazil. Arabica coffee, on the other hand, was responsible for 77% of the Brazilian harvest, producing 48.77 million bags, with an increase of 42.2% over last year, influenced by the positive bienniality.
When analyzing the Brazilian coffee production in 2020 by regions, it is possible to perceive the great role of the Southeast Region. With an average productivity of 33.32 bags per hectare and a total of 55.15 million bags produced, the Southeast was responsible for 87.5% of all national production in the year. Minas Gerais, the largest Brazilian producer state, was responsible for 34.64 million bags, a number that represented 55% of the Cafés do Brasil harvest in the year. Espírito Santo, the second largest producer state, harvested a volume equivalent to 13.95 million bags, 22% of the national harvest. The State of São Paulo was responsible for 6.18 million bags, while Rio de Janeiro had 371 thousand bags of coffee produced.
By establishing a decreasing ranking of the five Brazilian geographic regions, it is possible to verify that in second place, as the largest coffee producing region after the Southeast, comes the Northeast, which, with its exclusive production in the state of Bahia, harvested 3.98 million bags of coffee in 2020, an increase of 32.9% compared to the 2019 harvest in Bahia. In the third position is the North Region, whose only producing state is Rondônia, with 2.44 million bags harvested, volume 11.2% higher that last year.
Fourthly, the South Region, which produced, exclusively in the state of Paraná, the equivalent of 942 thousand bags, a number that represented a reduction of 1.2% in relation to last year's harvest. Finally, the Midwest with the production of 406 thousand bags of coffee, an increase of 9.6% in the same comparative terms.
In the context of the gross revenue of Brazilian coffee crops - VBP, the total revenue generated in 2020 was R $ 35 billion, a figure 43% higher than in 2019. If a ranking of the gross revenue of the five coffee producing regions is established , it appears that the Southeast ranks first with R $ 31.12 billion, equivalent to 88.7% of the total. Second, the Northeast Region stands out with R $ 2.08 billion, 6% of national revenue, followed by the North Region with R $ 1.02 billion (3%). The South Region is in fourth place with R $ 576.27 million (1.6%), finally, the Midwest with R $ 249.78 million, which is equivalent to 0.7% of the total VBP of coffee in 2020.
The data and figures that allowed this analysis were obtained from the 4th Survey of the Coffee Crop of 2020 , from the National Supply Company - Conab , and the Gross Value of Production - VBP - December 2020 , prepared and released monthly by the Secretariat of Agricultural Policy - SPA, from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply - Map , which were analyzed and are available in full at the Café Observatório do Consórcio Pesquisa Café , coordinated by Embrapa Café .
The 4th Coffee Crop Survey of 2020 , by the National Supply Company - Conab, also highlights production by regions in Minas Gerais, the largest Brazilian producer state. The southern region of Minas Gerais produced 19.15 million bags, which represented a 37% growth compared to last year. The harvest in Zona da Mata Mineira was 8.79 million bags, a volume that showed an expressive growth of 64.2%, compared to 2019. Cerrado Mineiro was responsible for 6 million bags, a growth of 30.7 %. While Norte de Minas harvested 703,100 bags, 11.8% more than in 2019.
« Back to index