According to the IBGE, the planted area declined by 5.1% and the area to be harvested, by 5.3%. For arabica coffee, the estimated production was 31.8 million bags, a decline of 1% in relation to the previous month and 33.2% in comparison with 2020, which had a record production.
“In 2021, the arabica harvest will have a negative bienality, which should result in a significant retraction in production. In addition, the hot and dry climate in most of 2020, especially when the flowers were opening in the second semester, may have limited the development of crops, resulting in less heavy fruits ”, informed the institute.
The crop of camphor coffee (robusta or conilon) is expected to reach 15.2 million bags, an increase of 0.4% in relation to the previous month and an increase of 5.4% in relation to 2020. In Espírito Santo, the largest producer of the Brazilian species, the estimate is 10.4 million bags, an increase of 0.7% in relation to the previous month and 10.5% in comparison with 2020.
Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab) is expected to release its second projection of Brazil's coffee crop at the end of the month.
The camphor harvest is expected to gain strength in the coming days in Espírito Santo, according to the Center for Advanced Studies in Applied Economics (Cepea), which also stated that there are occasional pickings of arabica coffee in all regions, “but the harvest must be effectively started after the second half of May, gaining pace in June ”.