Both are grown more in Sao Paulo state, different region.
Also quite different cultures, sugarcane, the one to be harvested yet, did not suffer.
The cane harvested a month or more ago, or planted this year witch is frozen, just cut it frozen sprouts and it will start growing again.
I don't know about oranges, but never heard about trees dying due to frost in Brasil.
Coffee is different, quite a lot of young plantings, up to 3 years are dead. Only thing you can do is take em out and re-plant the whole area. Problem, also big loses in nurseries, no new seedlings available. Only next year.
From putting a seed in the ground until first harvest (a small one) is 3 years. A good harvest 4 years.
Older plants less or more damaged, 3 options;
Cutting them at 40 cm above the ground. 2 years without harvest.
Pruning, taking of part the side branches and top, 1 year without harvest.
Last year a lot of area was pruned due to the drought, these areas should give a big harvest in 22. Now quite a lot of these have to be pruned again. Means one year without harvest.
Doing nothing, hope for the best, be happy with any production next year, probably price will compensate.
With current prices of corn and soybeans, lack of seedlings best option for most bigger farmers on flat land is start planting these crops. Less investment quick money back.
For smaller farmers in the mountains it is more difficult. Small areas of soy and corn are not profitable. In the mountains impossible.
Affected small farmers haven't much choice. Without government help, it will be very difficult to survive. Banking coffee plantings and maintaining a pruned area or 2 years with hardly any income will be difficult.
Not to forget about loans to be re-paid and barters to be paid in coffee.
Forgot the most important, these people have to live also.
Seeing the total volume lost in Brazil next year and the year after.
The long circle from planting to production.
No other origens with capability of kicking up their production significant.
The talks about a new cold front coming up end next week.
I think we will not see coffee below US $ 2,00 in the next 2 years.
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