Eric Clapton has a strong enough following that I'm sure lots of the albums I'm dismissing have their share of fans among people who buy every Eric Clapton album, and maybe some of these others are actually better remembered that I'm thinking, but after the early '80s the albums that are well remembered as a whole, rather than just having a big hit, are live albums, Journeyman, and From the Cradle (which is all covers).
I remember some of the other more traditional blues albums getting attention at the time from fans hoping for another From the Cradle, but they didn't live up and didn't end up being a big part of his legacy. Again, I'm sure they have their fans, but they're not really what he'll be remembered for. At least that's my perception.
From 1974 to 1981, I think the really big ones were 461 Ocean Boulevard and Slowhand. I like 461 more, but I always thought Slowhand was more popular.
That 1970 album has alot of fans (although FWIW I remember George having little use for it). I like it more than anything he did post-Layla. I also think that either it should be considered a Derek and the Dominos album, or Layla should just be considered and EC solo album. They called themselves "Derek and the Dominos" during their tour before Layla was recorded, and Duane Allman never toured with them, and everyone else from D@tD plays on that 1970 album.
You know what's weird about that album? They've released three different mixed of it on CD/streaming, and to me none of them sound like the one that should very much like the vinyl. The digital version of the "original mix" sucks, but I like the way it sounds on vinyl. Of the other versions, I like the "Eric Clapton" version that came out in 2021. And no, I did not buy that box set of three different mixes, I just listened to it on Spotify. Maybe you don't care about any of that, but I always though it was weird that it sounded so different.